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International Forum Discuss Chinese demographics at the Political Forums; Chinese birth rate not enough to replenish labor market... Demographic time bomb continues to tick away in China Fri, May ...

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Old 05-18-2017, 01:58 PM
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Question Chinese demographics

Chinese birth rate not enough to replenish labor market...

Demographic time bomb continues to tick away in China
Fri, May 19, 2017 - Even after the Chinese government cleared the way for couples to have a second child, working women are reluctant to expand their family — or have any children at all, according to a new survey by Zhaopin.com, one of the nation’s biggest online recruitment Web sites.
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About 40 percent of working women without children do not want to have any and about two-thirds of those with a child do not want a second, the poll found. In big cities, such as Beijing or Shanghai, hefty living costs, long work hours and surging expenses linked to raising children have deterred more women from becoming moms. The phenomenon is not unique to China, given the pressures that working women face around the globe. However, it is particularly acute for the nation given its rapidly aging population.

More than three decades of a one-child policy has left the nation with too few young people to support an expanding elderly population, which is eroding competitiveness and weighing on the social welfare system. After announcing a two-child rule in October 2015, officials estimated an increase of 4 million additional births per year through 2020, but last year births increased by just 1.31 million from a year earlier to 17.86 million. That prompted the government to consider measures such as “birth rewards and subsidies” to help encourage more people to have another child.

Yet China remains far from providing incentive packages as seen in Singapore or Germany and a porous safety network offers little help to families who cannot afford children’s education or healthcare. Child-bearing might also lead to real financial or career losses. The survey found that 33 percent of women had their pay cut after giving birth and 36 percent were demoted. Among the top reasons cited for not having kids by the Zhaopin.com survey are “not enough time and energy” and “too expensive to raise children.”

MORE Demographic time bomb continues to tick away in China - Taipei Times

Last edited by waltky; 05-18-2017 at 02:13 PM..
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Old 05-18-2017, 03:44 PM
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Default Re: Chinese demographics

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Originally Posted by waltky View Post
Chinese birth rate not enough to replenish labor market...

Demographic time bomb continues to tick away in China
Fri, May 19, 2017 - Even after the Chinese government cleared the way for couples to have a second child, working women are reluctant to expand their family ó or have any children at all, according to a new survey by Zhaopin.com, one of the nationís biggest online recruitment Web sites.
Multi-pronged:

Those that believe the world is overpopulated, may be getting their wish.

More jobs than people who want them makes them be able to be selective.

Some jobs, which are necessary, won't be filled. After all, I don't think anybody grows up thinking they want to clean toilet bowls in public restrooms.

Supply and demand on consumer goods. Too expensive to raise kids, less kids, prices will come down some.

I'll have to check and see if the birth rate in the US has been coming down since the 80's. More and more American women are electing to not have children, so it's likely.
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