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History, Geography, & Military Discuss Famous Yet Obscure Historical Figures at the Political Forums; Madam C.J. Walker First African-American Female Millionaire 1867-1919 Born of sharecropper parents in Delta, Louisiana, as Sarah Breedlove, this self-made ...

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Old 06-25-2013, 08:19 AM
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Madam C.J. Walker
First African-American Female Millionaire

1867-1919

Born of sharecropper parents in Delta, Louisiana, as Sarah Breedlove, this self-made woman went on to become Madam C.J. Walker, the first female millionaire. As a wealthy African-American woman, Ms. Walker used her prominent position to help overcome racial discrimination by supporting civic, educational, and social agencies to aid African-Americans world-wide.

Madam C.J. Walker - First Female Millionaire
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Old 06-25-2013, 09:17 AM
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Madam C.J. Walker
First African-American Female Millionaire

1867-1919

Born of sharecropper parents in Delta, Louisiana, as Sarah Breedlove, this self-made woman went on to become Madam C.J. Walker, the first female millionaire. As a wealthy African-American woman, Ms. Walker used her prominent position to help overcome racial discrimination by supporting civic, educational, and social agencies to aid African-Americans world-wide.

Madam C.J. Walker - First Female Millionaire
Thanks for the link, excellent informative post, exactly the type that I was considering when starting this thread.

"no-blesse' oblige' would also apply to Madam C.J. Walker. I have taught the Harlem Renaissance before, and had never heard of this lady. Obviously the Oprah of her time. Well done......Stan
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Old 06-25-2013, 09:51 AM
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Thanks for the link, excellent informative post, exactly the type that I was considering when starting this thread.

"no-blesse' oblige' would also apply to Madam C.J. Walker. I have taught the Harlem Renaissance before, and had never heard of this lady. Obviously the Oprah of her time. Well done......Stan
Doctor Karl Landsteiner (1868)

A 19th century doctor in Vienna, Austria, he observed that physicians, attempting to transfuse blood into injured patients, would see that the majority of the patients blood immediately clot and they quickly died. Occasionally, a patient would live. He believed that different people had different blood types, and set about experimenting to prove the theory.

He collected hundreds of blood samples from different people, and began experimenting with mixing and matching the samples, discovering some matched, and others immediately reacted with clotting. Eventually, he was able to classify human blood into four categories - A - B - AB and O.

Blood has two parts, the red blood cells and the liquid serum. Under a microscope the red blood cells look like frosted cereal with sugar crystals on each cell. Red cells also have another component, known as antigens. When red blood cells of one type are mixed with the serum of another, it either clots and doesn't work, or mixes correctly and does. The doctor had proven people have different blood types.

A blood types match with anti-B serum; B blood types matches with anti-A serum; AB blood types matches with neither anti A or B, while blood type 0 has both anti A & B serum, which allows it to be used to match with AB types, and, of course, O.

In 1907, Doctor Robert Ottenberg performed the first successful operation on a human patient using blood transfusions, it became a common practice in medicine quickly, and saved thousands of soldiers during World War i. Today, it is standard medical practice.

How knowledgeable were people about the chemical reactions of blood before? It wasn't known, or used in the American Civil War, in fact, one Confederate officer in an early Civil War skirmish, was shot in the back of the leg, and began to bleed into his boot. He didn't even consider binding up the wound, and as a result, his boot filled with blood and he quickly died...........Stan
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Old 06-25-2013, 10:02 AM
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The earliest known traditional hats in history were worn in thebes and seen on ancient Egyptian murals. Next there were Phrygian caps that were worn by the freed slaves in Rome, signifying their independence. As the centuries went by, the traditional use of hats worn by women in church is said to originate from the Apostle Paul’s words in 1st Corinthians 11:15, which says that women should cover their heads during worship. Black women have since embraced those words with elaborate church hats.

During and after slavery, black women who worked as maids and servants broke away from their uniforms on Sunday and wore decorated hats to service. The hat, no matter what material it was made from, was adorned with ribbons, bows and flowers. It was the black woman’s one day of individualism. Since then, church hats have gotten bigger and bolder.

One of America’s most famous milliners, or hat maker, is remembered in a new permanent collection by the Smithsonian National Museum of African American Culture. The work of Mae Reeves, a milliner to the elite black women of the past, will have her shop re-created in the museum. During the 1940’s and 50’s, Mae Reeves supplied original hat creations to Lena Horne, Ella Fitgerald, Eartha Kitt and Marian Anderson. Reeves is now 99 years old and her granddaughter, Donna Limerick, carries on the memory of her grandmother’s legacy by putting Reeve’s hats on display.

Women such as Vanilla Beane, age 94 and another East Coast milliner, kept her shop doors open for decades, Bené Millinery on Third Street NW. One of her most famous clients was the late Dr. Dorothy Height.

Black women and church hats were celebrated in the book “Crowns” (2000) by Michael Cunningham and Craig Murberry. The book tells the stories behind black women and their hats
Little Known Black History Fact: Church Hats | Black America Web
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Old 06-25-2013, 10:09 AM
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Robert Sengstacke Abbott (1870-1940)
newspaper publisher and editor

Robert S. Abbott was born in 1870 in Frederica, St. Simons Island, Georgia of former slave parents, and studied the printing trade at Hampton Institute from 1892 to 1896. He received a law degree from Kent College of Law, Chicago in 1898, but because of race prejudice in the United States was unable to practice, despite attempts to establish law offices in Gary, Indiana, Topeka, Kansas, and Chicago, Illinois. In 1905 he founded The Chicago Defender with an initial investment of 25 cents. The Defender, which was once heralded as "e;The World's Greatest Weekly"e;, soon became the most widely circulated black newspaper in the country, and made Abbott one of the first self-made millionaires of African American descent. Abbott also published a short-lived paper called Abbott's Monthly. He died of Bright's disease on February 29, 1940, and left the paper in the control of his heir and nephew, John Henry Sengstacke.

More about the Chicago Defender.............

http://www.pbs.org/blackpress/news_bios/defender.html
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Old 06-25-2013, 04:14 PM
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Princess Victoria Kaʻiulani Kalaninuiahilapalapa Kawekiu i Lunalilo Cleghorn
(1875–1899) was heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii and held the title of crown princess. Kaʻiulani became known throughout the world for her intelligence, beauty and determination. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, she visited the United States to help restore the Kingdom. Although reluctant to participate in politics, she made many speeches and public appearances denouncing the overthrow of her government and the injustice toward her people. In Washington, D.C, she paid an informal visit to U.S. President Grover Cleveland and his wife, but her efforts could not prevent eventual annexation.
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Old 06-25-2013, 04:33 PM
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Princess Victoria Kaʻiulani Kalaninuiahilapalapa Kawekiu i Lunalilo Cleghorn
(1875–1899) was heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii and held the title of crown princess. Kaʻiulani became known throughout the world for her intelligence, beauty and determination. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, she visited the United States to help restore the Kingdom. Although reluctant to participate in politics, she made many speeches and public appearances denouncing the overthrow of her government and the injustice toward her people. In Washington, D.C, she paid an informal visit to U.S. President Grover Cleveland and his wife, but her efforts could not prevent eventual annexation.
The movie Hawaii from James A. Mitchner is a great movie and tells what it was like for the native Hawaiians when the Haole's, (white man,) came and took over the islands.

Good post.
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Old 06-25-2013, 04:54 PM
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Most people know of Harriet Tubman as the greatest conductor of the underground railroad but not as well known is
William Still

"Often called "The Father of the Underground Railroad,"
In 1844, William Still moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he began working as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. When Philadelphia abolitionists organized a committee to aid runaway slaves reaching Philadelphia, Still became its chairman. By the 1850s, Still was a leader of Philadelphia's African-American community. Still helped as many as 800 slaves escape to freedom, interviewing each person and keeping careful records, including a brief biography and the destination of each person, along with any alias that they adopted, though he kept his records carefully hidden. Still worked with other Underground Railroad agents operating in the south and in many counties in southern Pennsylvania. His network to freedom also included agents in New Jersey, New York, New England and Canada. Harriet Tubman traveled through is office with fellow passengers on several occasions during the 1850s. After the Civil War, Still published the secret notes he’d kept in diaries during those years, and his book is a source of many historical details of the workings of the Underground Railroad.[2] He is one of the many who helped slaves escape from the United States. . In 1859 he attempted to desegregate the city's public transit system.[1] He opened a stove store during the American Civil War, and later started a coal delivery business.
Still also had a strong interest in the welfare of black youth. He helped to establish an orphanage for black youth and he also helped to organize the first YMCA for African-Americans.
The three prominent Still brothers—William, James, and Peter—settled in Lawnside, New Jersey. To this day, their descendants have an annual family reunion every August. Notable members of the Still family include the composer William Grant Still, professional basketball player Valerie Still and professional NFL defensive end Art Still."
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Old 06-25-2013, 05:43 PM
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Most people know of Harriet Tubman as the greatest conductor of the underground railroad but not as well known is
William Still

"Often called "The Father of the Underground Railroad,"
In 1844, William Still moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he began working as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. When Philadelphia abolitionists organized a committee to aid runaway slaves reaching Philadelphia, Still became its chairman. By the 1850s, Still was a leader of Philadelphia's African-American community. Still helped as many as 800 slaves escape to freedom, interviewing each person and keeping careful records, including a brief biography and the destination of each person, along with any alias that they adopted, though he kept his records carefully hidden. Still worked with other Underground Railroad agents operating in the south and in many counties in southern Pennsylvania. His network to freedom also included agents in New Jersey, New York, New England and Canada. Harriet Tubman traveled through is office with fellow passengers on several occasions during the 1850s. After the Civil War, Still published the secret notes he’d kept in diaries during those years, and his book is a source of many historical details of the workings of the Underground Railroad.[2] He is one of the many who helped slaves escape from the United States. . In 1859 he attempted to desegregate the city's public transit system.[1] He opened a stove store during the American Civil War, and later started a coal delivery business.
Still also had a strong interest in the welfare of black youth. He helped to establish an orphanage for black youth and he also helped to organize the first YMCA for African-Americans.
The three prominent Still brothers—William, James, and Peter—settled in Lawnside, New Jersey. To this day, their descendants have an annual family reunion every August. Notable members of the Still family include the composer William Grant Still, professional basketball player Valerie Still and professional NFL defensive end Art Still."
Great stuff. My hometown, Fredona, N.Y., 40-miles south of Buffalo, had a stop on the Underground Railroad, the second to last one for former slaves who were smuggled into Canada via the Niagara River route. Sometime in the 6th or 7th grade, our class visited the site, a cellar in a long serving Buick dealership, which still exists today, although it is now a college bar......Stan
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Old 06-25-2013, 11:40 PM
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Talking Re: Famous Yet Obscure Historical Figures

Leslie C. Peltier, 1900 - 1980

• Peltier grew up on a farm near Delphos, Ohio. His parents were uncommonly well read and provided him a home filled with books. Young Peltier learned much about the flora and fauna around his farm, and became a lifelong naturalist.

• The sight of the Pleiades and the 1910 appearance of Halley’s Comet seeded his interest in astronomy. But it was not until he was 15 years old that he realized he knew much of the natural world around his farm, yet could not name a single star in the sky. He resolved to learn more.

• That summer, Peltier picked 900 quarts of strawberries to earn $18 for his first telescope, a 2” brass-tube refractor which he called “The Strawberry Spyglass”.
- See more at: Leslie Peltier Comet Hunter | One-Minute Astronomer

Leslie C. Peltier | AAVSO

Leslie Peltier Comet Hunter | One-Minute Astronomer






The book.
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