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Health, Wellness, Sex and Body Discuss MPF - Multiple Partner Fertility at the General Discussion; American Women More Likely Than Men to Have Babies by Multiple Partners... Census: American Women More Likely Than Men to ...

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Old 04-21-2017, 02:11 AM
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American Women More Likely Than Men to Have Babies by Multiple Partners...

Census: American Women More Likely Than Men to Have Babies by Multiple Partners
April 20, 2017 | American women are more likely than American men to have multiple babies by multiple partners, according to a recently released Census Bureau report.
Having multiple babies with multiple partners is what the Census Bureau calls “multiple partner fertility” or “MPF.” “MPF parents are not just parents—they are parents to two or more children,” said the Census Bureau report. “A parent of only one child cannot have children with more than one partner.” “Among mothers with two or more children,” said the report, “21.6 percent have multiple partner fertility, while 19.3 percent of fathers of two or more children have multiple partner fertility.” Among all American women 15 and older, 11.4 percent have had multiple babies by multiple partners. Among all American men 15 and older, only 8.6 percent have had multiple babies with multiple partners.

Among all women 15 and older who have given birth to at least one baby, 16.6 percent have gone on to give birth to multiple babies by multiple fathers. By contrast, among all men 15 and older who have biologically fathered at least one baby, 14.6 percent have gone on to father multiple babies by multiple mothers. “Parents with multiple partner fertility are identified by the children born to them (or, for men, biologically fathered by them),” says the Census Bureau report. “Custody of children is not a defining factor,” it says, “a parent does not have to live with any of his or her children to be a multiple partner fertility parent.” “Multiple partner fertility,” the report explains, “is also not defined by current marital status; married, divorced, cohabitating, and single parents can all have multiple partner fertility.”

The Census Bureau gathered data on “multiple partner fertility” in its 2014 “Survey of Income and Program Participation,” which the bureau says was “the first nationally-representative survey to include a direct question about multiple partner fertility.” The data in its recent report on “MPF” comes from this survey. Because of the prevalence of multiple partner fertility, the Census survey discovered, only 77.7 percent of couples who have children together have only children with each other. The rest of American couples who have children with each other include at least one partner who has also had a child with someone else.

Another recent Census Bureau report looked at the relationships between marriage, unmarried cohabitation and the fathering and mothering of children. “The majority of mothers and fathers are married, and the majority of married parents have children with their spouse,” this Census Bureau report said. “However,” said the Census Bureau, “17.8 percent of married mothers and 16.5 percent of married fathers do not have children with their current spouse; these are parents who have children only by someone other than their current spouse.”

Some of these spouses bring to their marriage children from a “prior relationship.” “These data also show the complexity of modern families,” says the Census Bureau. “12.4 percent of married mothers and 12.6 percent of married fathers do not have children with their current spouse but their spouse also brought children into the marriage.” It is also common, this report said, for unmarried couples to have children—which can lead to households where children are not bonded by either blood or marriage to one of the cohabitating partners.

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Old 06-30-2017, 09:28 PM
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Uncle Ferd willin' to do his part to help remedy the situation...

The U.S. fertility rate just hit a historic low. Some demographers worry it's a baby crisis
Saturday 1st July, 2017 - And, of course, demographers pin the blame on millennials, saying the supposedly coddled generation is delaying or opting out of parenthood entirely
The United States is in the midst of what some worry is a baby crisis. The number of women giving birth has been declining for years and just hit a historic low. If the trend continues – and experts disagree on whether it will – the country could face economic and cultural turmoil. According to provisional 2016 population data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Friday, the number of births fell 1 percent from a year earlier, bringing the general fertility rate to 62.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44. The trend is being driven by a decline in birthrates for teens and 20-somethings. The birthrate for women in their 30s and 40s increased – but not enough to make up for the lower numbers in their younger peers.

A country’s birthrate is among the most important measures of demographic health. The number needs to be within a certain range, called the “replacement level,” to keep a population stable so that it neither grows nor shrinks. If too low, there’s a danger that we wouldn’t be able to replace the aging workforce and have enough tax revenue to keep the economy stable. Countries such as France and Japan that have low birthrates have put pro-family policies into place to try to encourage couples to have babies. The flip side can also be a problem. Birthrates that are too high can strain resources such as clean water, food, shelter and social services, problems faced by India, where the fertility rate has fallen over the past few decades but still remains high. The debate now is about whether the United States is headed toward a “national emergency,” as some have feared, or whether this is a blip and the birthrate will level off soon. “It’s about millennials,” says Donna Strobino, a professor of population, family and reproductive health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Declining pregnancy rates have demographers worried we are headed toward a "baby crisis."

Those supposedly entitled young adults with fragile egos born in the 2000s who live in their parents’ basements and hop from job-to-job — it turns out they’re also much less likely to have babies, at least so far. Some experts think millennials are just postponing parenthood while others fear they’re choosing not to have children at all. Strobino is among those who is optimistic and sees hope in the data. She points out that the fall in birthrates in teens – an age when many pregnancies tend to be unplanned – is something we want and that the highest birthrates are now among women 25 to 34 years of age. “What this is is a trend of women becoming more educated and more mature. I’m not sure that’s bad,” she explained.

Indeed, as fertility treatments have extended the age of childbearing, the birthrates among women who are age 40 to 44 are also rising. William Frey, a demographer and senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, points out that despite the recent decline, the U.S. fertility rate still remains relatively high compared to many other developed countries like Germany and Italy. The United States also still has more births than deaths. And we still have a growing labor force. All these things mean, he said, “I don’t think that’s cause for alarm.” Frey attributed the decline in birthrates to a women’s “lifestyle” choice as well as the fact the economy has been in a funk. Times of economic downturn or uncertainty tend to cause a drop in birthrates, but when things turn around they tend to bounce back in a kind of catch-up period. “Every year I say when the economy is getting better then we’ll start having more children,” he said, “and I’m still expecting that to happen.”

The U.S. fertility rate just hit a historic low. Some demographers worry it’s a baby crisis | National Post
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