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Climate Change & The Environment Discuss Threatened & Endangered Species at the General Discussion; Oh, no! - Clyde's family in danger of extinction... New great ape species in danger of extinction Sat, Nov 04, ...

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Old 11-03-2017, 02:30 PM
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Oh, no! - Clyde's family in danger of extinction...

New great ape species in danger of extinction
Sat, Nov 04, 2017 - A remote population of frizzy-haired orangutans on the Indonesian island of Sumatra seems to be a new species of primate, scientists said.
However, the newest member of the family tree of advanced animals that include humans might not be around much longer. Their numbers are so small, and their habitat so fragmented, that they are in danger of going extinct, the scientists who studied them said. A study published on Thursday in the journal Current Biology said there are no more than 800 of the primates, which researchers named Pongo tapanuliensis, making it the most endangered great ape species. The researchers said that the population is highly vulnerable and its habitat is facing further pressure from development. “If steps are not taken quickly to reduce current and future threats to conserve every last remaining bit of forest we may see the discovery and extinction of a great ape species within our lifetime,” they said.

It was the first great ape species to be proposed by scientists in nearly 90 years. Previously, science has recognized six great ape species: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans, eastern and western gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos. The research is based on analysis of the skeleton of an adult male killed in a conflict with villagers, a genetic study indicating the population’s evolutionary split from other orangutans occurred about 3.4 million years ago and analysis since 2006 of behavioral and habitat differences. The primates are confined to a range of about 1,100km2 in the Batang Toru forest in the Tapanuli districts of northern Sumatra.

Historically, the population has probably been isolated from Sumatran orangutans further north for 10,000 to 20,000 years based on the most recently detectable influx of male genes from outside, the genetic study showed. Aside from genetic evidence and the physical differences that are most apparent in comparison with Bornean orangutans, other unique characteristics include diet, restriction of habitat to upland areas and the male’s long call. Primatologist Russell Mittermeier, head of the primate specialist group at the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), called the finding a “remarkable discovery” that puts the onus on the Indonesian government to ensure the species survives. Mittermeier, who was not one of the 37 authors of the study, said he was “very excited” by the research.

Last year, the IUCN classified Bornean orangutans as critically endangered due to a precipitous population decline caused by destruction of their forest habitat for palm oil and pulp wood plantations. Sumatran orangutans have been classified as critically endangered since 2008. Matthew Nowak, one of the study’s authors, said the Tapanuli orangutans live in three pockets of forest that are separated by non-protected areas. “For the species to be viable into the future, those three fragments need to be reconnected via forest corridors,” he said. Additionally, the authors recommended that development plans for the region, including a hydroelectric plant, be stopped by the government. “It is imperative that all remaining forest be protected and that a local management body works to ensure the protection of the Batang Toru ecosystem,” Novak said. The Batang Toru orangutan population was found during a field survey by researcher Erik Meijaard in 1997 and a research station was established in the area in 2006.

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Old 11-10-2017, 05:28 PM
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Aww, poor koala bear...

Dead koala found with ears cut off in Australia
Sat, Nov 11, 2017 - A koala has been found dead in Australia with both its ears cut off, the latest in a spate of animal mutilations that police yesterday called “troublesome and disgusting.”
An emergency services worker stumbled across the grisly find on a road at Warrnambool, about 225km from Melbourne in Victoria state, on Monday. It is not clear if the animal was dead or alive when its ears were removed. “Police members are investigating what can only be described as a very troublesome and disgusting incident involving the mutilation of a koala,” Warrnambool Sergeant Pat Day said. “We certainly want to get to the bottom of it. There is no reason for anybody to treat an animal in this way, whether it be alive or dead,” he said.

A koala named Oxley Kaylee, who lost an eye and had her left hind leg amputated after being hit by a car, recuperates at the Koala Hospital in Port Macquarie

Victoria Police said in a statement the incident followed a series of kangaroo and wallaby mutilations in the area. No further details were given.

In June, a kangaroo was found shot dead, dressed in leopard-print and tied to a chair holding a bottle of alcohol, also in Victoria state.

Dead koala found with ears cut off in Australia - Taipei Times
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Video shows Florida farm workers regularly beat, stabbed cows
Nov. 10, 2017 -- A Florida dairy farm is under criminal investigation after the release of an undercover video showing employees beating cows, police said Thursday.
The video, released by the Animal Recovery Mission, showed workers at the Larson Dairy Farm in Okeechobee, Fla., beating dairy cows with steel rods and kicking and stabbing them. The farm is a major supplier to Publix, one of the largest grocery store chains in the nation. "Larson Dairy cows are milked, tormented and beaten three times a day, 305 days a year for life," a narrator says in the video. The video also shows calves confined in small cages and lying in their own feces, as well as a pile of dead calves stacked against a wall. "Newborn calves suffer alone and confined in inadequate shelter," the narrator says. "Many calves quickly succumb to the life at the Larson Dairy Farm."

Okeechobee County Sheriff Noel Stephen said he assigned an investigator to the case and expects charges to be filed. Noel also said he personally knows and defends the owners of the Larson Dairy Farm. "I stand before you to say that these gentlemen would not condone this activity and had they known about it, they would have fired them on the spot," Noel said, according to WPBF-TV.

Farm owner Jacob Larson said one of the employees shown in the video has been fired. "The unusual use of force is simply unacceptable on our dairy or on any other farm," he said, according to the Sun-Sentinel ARM lead investigator Richard Cuoto said it's unlikely the company didn't know about the abuse. The video was taken by an undercover employee who said the use of abusive tactics on cows was the norm. "Many of the cows that were brought to that milking station and put in line to have milkers put onto those udders were controlled violently," Cuoto said, according to CBS12 News.


Last edited by waltky; 11-10-2017 at 05:35 PM..
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