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Climate Change & The Environment Discuss Global Pollution at the General Discussion; Pollution is everywhere, including the deepest parts of the oceans... Toxic, Man-made Pollutants Found in Deepest Oceans February 13, 2017 ...

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Old 02-14-2017, 02:39 AM
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Pollution is everywhere, including the deepest parts of the oceans...

Toxic, Man-made Pollutants Found in Deepest Oceans
February 13, 2017 - No place is safe from pollution, including the deepest parts of the oceans.
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Writing in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution, researchers from Newcastle University in the United Kingdom say small creatures called amphipods that live in the Mariana and Kermadec trenches, both of which are more than 10 kilometers deep, have “extremely high levels” of man-made toxic chemicals in their fatty tissues. The chemicals, called Persistent Organic Pollutants, include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). PCBs were produced from the 1930s through the 1970s when they were outlawed. But researchers estimate 1.3 million tonnes of PCBs were produced worldwide.


Hirondellea gigas are voracious scavengers that consume anything that comes down from the surface.

They entered the environment through “industrial accidents and discharges and leakage from landfills.” Furthermore, they are “invulnerable to natural degradation” so can last for decades. “We still think of the deep ocean as being this remote and pristine realm, safe from human impact, but our research shows that, sadly, this could not be further from the truth, said lead researcher, Alan Jamieson. “In fact, the amphipods we sampled contained levels of contamination similar to that found in Japan's Suruga Bay, one of the most polluted industrial zones of the northwest Pacific.” To reach their conclusions, researchers used deep-sea landers to bring organism samples up from the trenches, which are 7,000 kilometers apart.

The pollutants, according to Jamieson, likely sank to the bottom of the ocean through contaminated plastic garbage as well as dead animals that drifted to the bottom and were eaten by the amphipods. Amphipods with toxic chemicals are then eaten by bigger organisms as the pollutants make their way back into the food chain. “The fact that we found such extraordinary levels of these pollutants in one of the most remote and inaccessible habitats on earth really brings home the long term, devastating impact that mankind is having on the planet,” said Dr Jamieson. “It’s not a great legacy that we’re leaving behind.”

Toxic, Man-made Pollutants Found in Deepest Oceans
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Old 02-14-2017, 05:17 PM
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Granny says it's from all dem sacred cows fartin' whilst dey roamin' `round...

Report says air pollution in India surpassing China
Wed, Feb 15, 2017 - India’s rapidly worsening air pollution is causing about 1.1 million people to die prematurely each year and is now surpassing China’s as the deadliest in the world, a new study of global air pollution showed.
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The number of premature deaths in China caused by dangerous air particles, known as PM2.5, has stabilized globally in recent years, but has risen sharply in India, according to the report, issued yesterday by the Health Effects Institute — a Boston-based research institute focused on the health effects of air pollution — and the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, a population health research center in Seattle.

India has registered an alarming increase of nearly 50 percent in premature deaths from particulate matter between 1990 and 2015, the report said. “You can almost think of this as the perfect storm for India,” said Michael Brauer, a professor of environment and health relationships at the University of British Columbia and an author of the study, in a telephone interview. Brauer cited the confluence of rapid industrialization, population growth and an aging populace in India that is more susceptible to air pollution.

Pollution levels are worsening in India as it tries to industrialize, but “the idea that policymaking should be led by government is lacking,” said Bhargav Krishna, manager for environmental health at the Public Health Foundation of India, a health policy research center in New Delhi. As air pollution worsened in parts of the world, including South Asia, it improved in the US and Europe, the report said, crediting policies to curb emissions, among other things.

Environmental regulations in the US and action by the European Commission have led to substantial progress in reducing fine particulate pollution since 1990, the report said. The US has experienced a reduction of about 27 percent in the average annual exposure to fine particulate matter, with smaller declines in Europe. However, about 88,000 people in the US and 258,000 in Europe still face increased risks of premature death because of particulate levels, the report said.

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Old 03-07-2017, 01:11 AM
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Global pollution's affect on children...

WHO: Environmental Pollution Kills 1.7M Children Under Five Every Year
March 06, 2017 — Environmental pollution kills more than 1 in 4 children under the age of five every year - that's 1.7 million children worldwide. The World Health Organization warns these child deaths will increase dramatically if action is not taken to reduce environmental risks.
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WHO examines the impact of harmful environments on children’s health and offers solutions in two new studies, “Inheriting a Sustainable World: Atlas on Children’s Health and the Environment” and a companion report, “Don’t pollute my future! The impact of the environment on children’s health.” The authors agree that air pollution is the biggest killer and is responsible for 6.5 million premature deaths every year, including nearly 600,000 deaths among children under age five. Margaret Chan, WHO director-general, notes that young children are most at risk of dying from a polluted environment because of “their developing organs and immune systems, and smaller bodies and airways.”

While most of these child deaths occur in developing countries, Maria Neira, WHO Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health told VOA that air pollution was a big leveler between rich and poor countries. “You can be a very rich child, your parents very rich, but living in a place, in a city, which is very polluted-then there is very little you can do because we all need to breathe. “So, even if you are rich or poor, you still need to breathe and this is very pernicious. Air pollution is everywhere,” she said.


People wear protective masks near the Bund during a polluted day in Shanghai, China

WHO reports the most common causes of death among children aged one month to five years are diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia. “These are very much affected by air pollution, water and sanitation, which is inadequate, but also the disease vectors, mosquitos around the house and the community,” said Annette Pruss-Ustun, scientist in WHO's Public Health and Environmental Department. “These are mainly a problem in low-and-middle-income countries except air pollution, which also children in high income countries are affected by,” she said. “But, there they do not die from it because the health care system takes care of them in time.” WHO reports actions including those of providing safe water and sanitation, limiting exposure to hazardous chemicals, and improving waste management can prevent many environmentally induced deaths.

Maria Neira cited access to clean fuels as one of the most important interventions. “Almost half of the world population is using dirty fuels for cooking, heating, and lighting at home. And, this is affecting very much mothers who are staying and cooking at home, but the children who are around mothers—they are exposed as well.” Neira said that providing clean energy and clean fuels to households will have enormous benefits for the health of the children and others as well.

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Report: Syrian Children Suffering from 'Toxic Stress' Due to War
arch 06, 2017 - Children in Syria are suffering from "toxic stress," a severe form of psychological trauma that can cause life-long damage, according to a report released Thursday.
Quote:
The report by the nonprofit Save the Children paints a horrifying picture of terrified children developing speech disorders and incontinence, and some even losing the capacity to speak. Others attempt self-harm and suicide. Authors of the study, the largest of its kind to be undertaken during the conflict, warned that the nation's mental health crisis had reached a tipping point, where "staggering levels" of trauma and distress among children could cause permanent and irreversible damage. "We are failing children inside Syria, some of whom are being left to cope with harrowing experiences, from witnessing their parents killed in front of them to the horrors of life under siege, without proper support," said Marcia Brophy, a mental health adviser for Save the Children in the Middle East.

[center] Children pulled by an adult after airstrikes killed nearly 30 people, mostly children, in the northern rebel-held village of Hass, Syria

Researchers spoke with 450 children, adolescents and adults in seven of Syria's 14 governorates. Adults said the main cause of psychological stress is the constant shelling and bombardment that characterize the war that is nearing its sixth anniversary. Half the children the researchers talked to said they never or rarely feel safe at school and 40 percent said they don't feel safe to play outside, even right outside their own home.

More than 70 percent of children interviewed experienced common symptoms of "toxic stress" or post-traumatic stress disorder, such as bedwetting, the study found. Loss of speech, aggression and substance abuse are also commonplace. About 48 percent of adults reported seeing children who have lost the ability to speak or who have developed speech impediments since the war began, according to the report. More than half of the adults interviewed by Save the Children said they knew of children or adolescents who were recruited into armed groups. The report called on the combatants to stop using explosives in populated areas, halt attacks on schools and hospitals, and stop recruiting children to fight.

Report: Syrian Children Suffering from 'Toxic Stress' Due to War
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China Vows Blue Skies Despite Economic Challenges
March 05, 2017 - China will work to clear its skies by increasing investment in clean energy and punishing polluters, Premier Li Keqiang said Sunday in comments aimed at mollifying public anger over chronic smog.
Quote:
Swathes of northern China were blanketed under toxic smog this winter, affecting more than 100 million people and forcing government agencies to take emergency measures to curb pollution. "Environmental pollution remains grave, and in particular, some areas are frequently hit by smog," Li told delegates to the rubber-stamp National People's Congress (NPC) in opening its annual session. But "we will make our skies blue again", he said in his annual state-of-the-nation speech. Pollution has plagued China for years, with the dramatic fouling of the country's air, water and soil representing the dark side of breakneck economic growth that has lifted hundreds of millions out of poverty.

Li listed a series of measures China will take this year to help clear the air, including upgrading coal-fired power plants to make them less polluting, reducing coal-fired heating, and implementing "round-the-clock monitoring" of industrial pollution. He said China would "basically" scrap all high-emission vehicles and pursue a three percent cut in emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide -- key components of the country's toxic smog. "Faster progress in work to improve the environment, particularly air quality, is what people are desperately hoping for," Li said. China also will decrease its energy consumption per unit of GDP by 3.4 percent and reduce coal-fired power capacity.


Buildings are seen on a hazy day in Xiangyang, Hubei province, China

China has long promised to clean up its act, but the pledges have taken a back seat to ensuring rapid economic growth, which the government sees as critical for guaranteeing social stability. "Environmental issues are the most important because this affects people every day and leaves problems for the next generations," Chang Chunbun, a NPC delegate from Hong Kong, told AFP. "To solve pollution the authorities have to add power behind their laws to better enforce environmental protection policies." The ruling Communist Party is seeking to make a difficult transition away from dependence on heavily polluting industries to a more service-oriented economy fueled by consumer demand.

Last year GDP grew 6.7 percent, the slowest rate in a quarter of a century, and Li on Sunday lowered the growth target to "around 6.5 percent" for 2017. Maintaining the desired growth rates has so far meant spinning up the output of goods like steel, coal and cement, whose production is heavily polluting. But the government is increasingly having to balance its concern over an economic slowdown with fears of a public backlash over environmental pollution. In recent months, police have cracked down on protests sparked by pollution in several major cities and moved to censor complaints about bad air online.

China Vows Blue Skies Despite Economic Challenges
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Old 03-07-2017, 02:11 AM
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We have a severe pollution problem here in London. We were told that diesel was good for lessening pollution from vehicles so a lot purchased diesel. Now we are told they are bad for pollution. The popularity of Uber here has certainly increased traffic. Once we cease being members of the European Union any directives and laws that is good for us concerning pollution will be thrown out the window. Respiratory illnesses are exacerbated on high pollution days. We had one of those days a couple of weeks ago here.
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Old 03-08-2017, 04:09 AM
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Not one weather change denier present how nice... I mean the mere mention of weather or environment with my user name attached draws them like flies to a dead man.

let's wait and see.......................

I would believe that many die in these far E.Asian countries which are in either the beginning or middle of their Industrial drive to economic freedom..


In China's case it's drive started back in the late 1800's.
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