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Climate Change & The Environment Discuss African drought at the General Discussion; Drought a natural disaster in Kenya... Kenya declares drought a national disaster, seeks help 10 Feb 2017: Kenya declared a ...

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Old 02-10-2017, 11:11 PM
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Exclamation African drought

Drought a natural disaster in Kenya...

Kenya declares drought a national disaster, seeks help
10 Feb 2017: Kenya declared a national disaster on Friday, calling for aid to counter drought that is posing a major risk to people, livestock and wildlife.
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The Kenya Red Cross has estimated around 2.7 million people are in need of food aid after low rainfall in October and November and the next rainy season not due before April.

President Uhuru Kenyatta called for "local and international partners to come in and support the government’s efforts to contain the situation," a statement from his office said. The U.N. World Food Programme said it was short of US$22 million (18 million pounds) for the next six to nine months to provide support such as school meals for 428,000 children who often depend on them as their only substantial meal of the day.


A Kenyan soldier looks at a cow which is dying from hunger, a few hundred meters from the official boundary of the Kenya-Ethiopia border in northwestern Kenya

The presidency did not set out how much the government needed for the drought, but said it had released 7.3 billion shillings (US$70 million) and local authorities had provided another 2 billion. Out of Kenya's 47 counties, 23 have been deemed to be facing disastrous drought. "The government intends to enhance the interventions including doubling of food rations and cash transfers among other measures," the presidency statement said.

Early this month, residents in drought-struck northern Kenya said at least 11 people were killed and a tourist lodge torched due to conflicts when armed cattle herders flooded onto farms and wildlife reserves. (US$1 = 103.4500 Kenyan shillings)

Kenya declares drought a national disaster, seeks help - Channel NewsAsia
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Old 02-11-2017, 01:42 AM
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Default Re: African drought

om goodness. prayers for this region and its people
I will share the story. hopefully help will be on the way.
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Old 03-10-2017, 04:36 PM
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Keepin' watch on droughts could Aid Vulnerable Areas...

Monitoring Droughts' Movements Would Aid Vulnerable Areas, Researchers Say
March 09, 2017 — It's a major natural disaster that slowly grows in one place and then moves across a region, gaining intensity and size. As it spreads, it destroys land, ruins agriculture and tears apart communities, and it can kill people. It's a drought.
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Researchers are just beginning to view droughts as this type of dynamic force, and some hope that soon they will be monitored similarly to hurricanes — with scientists able to predict their development, helping to protect those living in their path. Ten percent of droughts travel between 1,400 to 3,100 kilometers from where they begin, according to a recent study. The study, which analyzed 1,420 droughts between 1979 and 2009, identified "hot spots" around the world and common directions in which droughts move.


Farmer Sindulfo Fernandez inspects a dried watering hole for llamas in Orinoca, Oruro Department, Bolivia, Jan. 8, 2016. The water dried due to a drought.

Some droughts in the southwest United States, for example, tend to move from south to north. In Argentina, they usually migrate the opposite direction. In Central Africa, droughts tend to go southeastern toward the coast. "It can start somewhere, move throughout the continent, and obviously cause harm throughout its way," Julio Herrera-Estrada, a doctoral candidate at Princeton University and leader of the study, said Thursday. Droughts that travel are usually the largest and most disastrous, the scientists found. They can cause a loss of agriculture, wildlife, wetlands and human life, according to the National Drought Mitigation Center in Lincoln, Nebraska.

Very costly

They are also one of the most expensive natural disasters that people face today, according to Herrera-Estrada, who collaborated on the study with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Vienna. The most recent moving drought that Herrera-Estrada studied began in 2008 in Ukraine and Russia, and moved 1,700 kilometers northeast, ending in northwest Russia and affecting parts of Kazakhstan on the way. It lasted almost a year. "People haven't really thought of droughts in this way," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Future research, Herrera-Estrada said, can shed light on what mechanisms cause some droughts to move and what affects their paths. This can be done accurately, however, only through collaboration among national governments, he said. "It's important to have a global or a continental understanding about how droughts are behaving," he said. Collaboration "benefits people on the ground, farmers, cities that need water, power plants that need water." The study was published last week in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

Monitoring Droughts' Movements Would Aid Vulnerable Areas, Researchers Say
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Old 03-24-2017, 04:52 PM
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Drought of epic proportions in Somaliland...

Official Says 80 Percent of Livestock Dead in Somaliland
March 24, 2017 — Authorities in the breakaway republic of Somaliland say at least 80 percent of the region's livestock have died due to the crippling drought that has also killed dozens of people and forced thousands into displaced persons camps.
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“The situation is very grave as most of the livestock were killed by drought,” said Mohamud Ali Saleban, governor of the Togdheer region, in the town of Buro. “We are waiting for the rain, but if it does not come in the next few days, we expect the government to declare an emergency,” the governor told VOA. Officials told VOA that nearly 50 people across Somaliland have died due to drought-related illnesses. Nomadic communities all across this region said they have never experienced this kind of drought. Jama Handulle Yassin, a 63-year-old herder, said he has lost more than 280 goats, leaving him with just 30. “The starvation affected everything, and the situation now is very dangerous where we run for our lives before we die here," he said. "We appeal to the world to immediately support us.”


The carcass of a dead animal lies in the middle of a street in the Sool region of Somaliland.

Another woman, age 73, said, “This is the worst I have seen in my life.” Somaliland was affected by the 2011 regional drought that killed an estimated 260,000 people, but that event had its gravest impact in south and central Somalia. Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991 but is not recognized by any other country. The current drought has forced tens of thousands of pastoralists to flee from remote villages into towns, where they set up makeshift camps. As water becomes scarce, the drought is forcing many people living in camps outside the town of Las-Anod to drink dirty water.


Standing near the carcass of a camel, Roble Jama, a 13-year-old herder, said his family lost the only camel they had due to drought. “I have seen when the camel was dying and I felt so sad. The camel’s name was Cadaawe and was nine years old,” Roble Jama told VOA near the village of Ina-Afmadobe. The people affected by drought said they have received little or no help from the Somaliland government or aid agencies. The United Nations recently warned that 6.2 million people across Somalia are facing acute food shortages. More than 1.5 million of those live in Somaliland.

Official Says 80 Percent of Livestock Dead in Somaliland
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Official: At Least 25 Starve to Death in Somaliland
March 22, 2017 - At least 25 people have died of starvation in the self-declared republic of Somaliland as the Horn of Africa grapples with an increasingly severe drought.
Quote:
“The drought situation is at its most dangerous level. Eighty percent of the livestock have gone and we are struggling with saving people, who have started dying. So far, we have recorded 25 deaths, most of them children who starved to death," said Ahmed Abdi Salay, the governor of Somaliland's northwest Sanag region. According to the United Nations, more than 50,000 children across Somaliland and Somalia are facing possible death because of the ongoing regional drought. Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991 but is not recognized by any other country. The news about the deaths in Sanag emerged a day after government-owned Radio Mogadishu website reported that at least 26 people died of starvation in Somalia's southern region of Jubaland.


Children drink water delivered by a truck in the drought stricken Baligubadle village near Hargeisa, the capital city of Somaliland, in this handout picture provided by The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

The governor of the Togdheer region in Somaliland, Mohamud Ali Saleban, said the drought is affecting every part of Somali society. “The pain of the drought has touched us in all levels, every office and every household there is the impact," he said. "Relatives who lost their livestock have resorted to come to the cities in search of lifesaving assistance from their acquaintances and relatives,” Saleban said. On Monday, Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire included a minister of disaster management in his Cabinet, saying the ministry will deal with the drought that has left more than 6 million Somalis in need of aid.

Governor Salay said more than 15,000 people who have fled rural areas are now living in makeshift displaced persons' camps in the Sanag region capital of Erigavo. According to a statement from the Somali doctors’ association, a group of Mogadishu doctors has joined the Drought Relief Campaign, providing medical services to individuals in the camps for the internally displaced.

http://www.voanews.com/a/somalia-som...r/3777227.html
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Old 03-28-2017, 05:46 AM
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Question Re: African drought

Climate Change May Be Making African Drought Worse...

Experts Say Climate Change May Be Making African Drought Worse
March 27, 2017 - As East Africa struggles through a drought, scientists say climate change may be making the situation worse as a warming planet may be altering the weather patterns that bring rain to the region.
Quote:
In Somalia, the rains failed late last year. And the rains before that were meager. Livestock have died. Crops have failed. Famine threatens Somalia for the second time this decade. While drought is not uncommon in this dry region, it has gotten worse, Chris Funk, a climate scientist at the University of California at Santa Barbara, said. "What we've seen over, say, the last 35 years is that the rainfall during what's called the long rains in East Africa has declined substantially," Funk said. He added the explanation may lie in an atmospheric cycle that links East Africa and the Pacific Ocean.


A Somali woman walks through a camp of people displaced from their homes elsewhere in the country by the drought, shortly after dawn in Qardho, Somalia

Warm, wet air rises over the western Pacific, causing rain over Southeast Asia. On the other side of the cycle, dry air descends over East Africa. That is why not much rain falls here even in normal years. But when the western Pacific is warmer, it pushes the whole system harder: more rain over Southeast Asia, and more dry air descending on East Africa. More dry air means more drought. And Funk said the ocean is getting warmer. "The warming over the western Pacific appears to be pretty much directly related to increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere," he said.

Research shows that in the past, a warmer ocean meant a drier East Africa. But Funk says it is not entirely clear whether the current drying trend will continue. "One of the things making it hard to look into the future is the fact that the story told by the global climate models, the climate change models, is pretty much the exact opposite of what we're seeing in East Africa," Funk said. The models predict it should be getting wetter. But experts increasingly think the models may be flawed in this area. Funk and others are working on it. The short term is more clear. The western Pacific is still warmer than average. Which means the forecast is for a third season of disappointing rains.

Experts Say Climate Change May Be Making African Drought Worse
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Old 03-29-2017, 07:52 AM
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Somalia's population turns into drought refugees...

Somalia's Drought Once Again Has Thousands on the Move
March 29, 2017 — Tears fill Sahra Muse's eyes as she stares at her severely malnourished son, his thin arms crossed over his bloated stomach.
Quote:
Before he succumbed to hunger, 7-year-old Ibrahim Ali had helped his mother herd the family's 30 cows on their farm in Toratorow, a village in Lower Shabelle region. But the family lost all they had to the growing drought. The 32-year-old Muse walked for three days to reach this wind-swept camp 13 kilometers (8 miles) south of Somalia's capital earlier this week, leaving behind her other three children and their father. "Life is becoming so hard. We have nothing to survive, and I don't know how long he will survive," Muse said of her son. She sat in a small hut made of sticks. Rubbing her bloodshot eyes, she said the boy's cries had kept her awake for days.


Newly displaced Somali mother Sahra Muse, 32, comforts her malnourished child Ibrahim Ali, 7, in their makeshift shelter at a camp in the Garasbaley area on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia.

The Garasbaley camp was set up by local villagers to help the desperate but they are waiting for an international agency to provide food to help the hungry. With no food at the camp and no money for transport, Muse is preparing another day's hike to the capital, Mogadishu, to help her son. He survived the 2011 drought that killed roughly a quarter of a million people in Somalia and she is desperate to save him again. Somalia's current drought is threatening half of the country's population, or about 6 million people, according to the United Nations. Aid agencies have scaled up efforts but say more support is urgently needed.

The emergency is joined by similar hunger crises in South Sudan, northeastern Nigeria and Yemen, which together make up what the United Nations calls the world's largest humanitarian disaster in more than 70 years. Africa's hunger crisis strikes as President Donald Trump's proposed budget would pull the U.S. from its traditional role as the world's largest donor to emergencies. The crisis has once again uprooted hundreds of thousands of people across Somalia, which already has a sprawling diaspora of 2 million people after a quarter-century of conflict.


Newly displaced Somalis walk through a camp in the Garasbaley area on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia

Drought-stricken families are on the move, trying to reach points where international aid agencies are distributing food. The agencies cannot distribute food in areas under the control of al-Shabab, Somalia's homegrown Islamic extremist rebels who are affiliated to al-Qaida. Somalia's fragile central government struggles to assert itself beyond the capital and other limited areas. Between November and the end of February, around 257,000 people in this Horn of Africa nation have been internally displaced because of the drought, according to the U.N. refugee agency. Some are moving to urban areas, others into neighboring countries.

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